Jackal - Facts and photos

Is a Jackal a dog?

The Jackals is a canine, that is related to dogs and wolves. When you look at images of jackals the first thing you notice is how they remind you of German shepherds

The Black backed jackal has distinct saddle of black and hair and is also known as silver-backed jackal. 

images of a jackal

The color is reddish brown and the saddle is a blend of black and white hairs. The tail is black-tipped and the underparts is white.

Where do jackals live?

You can expect to find jackals in the Masai Arid Zones of northeastern Africa as well as  the South West Arid Zone of southern Africa. 

What do jackals eat? Are they carnivores or omnivores?

Jackals are omnivores meaning it is an animal that consumes both plant and animals. 

Their diet includes fruits and in the Serengeti woodland zone, they are very fond of grass rats. In Southern Africa, black-backed jackals are known to prey on unguarded sheep lambs and goats.

This is the reason why they are not very popular with farmers because they kill livestock. Farmers will therefor  poison these African animals. 

An interesting related fact  is that jackals have an amazing ability to detect and therefor avoid, poisoned meat. 

Jackals behave quite bravely and take liberties with the big predators. They move rapidly in to steal tidbits of meat at a  lion's paw or a hyena's meal. 

Jackal personality traits

A Jackal pair forms a partner bond for life. This bond will last till one mate dies. Black-back couples do everything together. The only exception at the time of babysitting pups.

A Jackal couple will hunt together and share food. they will call one another when separated.

Jackals reproduce annually in the dry seasons. They usually have 3 or 4 (up to 6) pups. Gestation period is 60 to 65 days. They start breeding at 1 to 2 years of age.


Probably the most dangerous predators of Jackals are Leopards. Eagles are continual danger to young Jackal pups around the den. 

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